Drooling dog, causes and solutions
A dog that drools is not necessarily a problem. Hypersalivation is natural in some breeds of dogs. That said, if your dog is not used to drooling excessively and suddenly starts doing so for no apparent reason, you should still consider seeking medical attention.
While drooling may be a natural reaction for some breeds of dogs, it can also be a symptom of a more or less serious disease.
Your dog is drooling? Discover the causes and possible solutions.
1- Drooling dog – Possible natural causes
As previously mentioned, hypersalivation can have several causes. It can be a natural reaction, a physical characteristic, but it can also be the consequence of an underlying disease.
1-1 Drooling Dogs – A Physical Characteristic
You would be surprised to learn that there is a breed of dog for which “drooling” is a physical characteristic, and therefore “natural”.
This is the case, for example, with dogs belonging to the “brachycephalic” category. Generally endowed with a crushed face, accompanied by a wide jaw, a rather long tongue and a voluminous palate, they often have difficulty swallowing their saliva. This explains why they drool excessively.
Therefore, if you don’t want to end up with an animal that drools all over the place, avoid Saint Bernards, French Bulldogs, Danes and Great Danes. Drooling, and lots of it, is second nature to them.
1-2 Drooling Dogs – A physiological reaction
Drooling can also be a physiological reaction, so again, it’s completely natural. Have you noticed that your pet has a tendency to drool when confronted with food? Just as we salivate when we have a delicious dish in front of us, dogs can also secrete excessive saliva when they are hungry or when they have an appetizing dish in front of them.
It is also normal for the dog to drool when excited. You’ll notice excessive salivation when he’s playing, or when he’s in “chase” mode. In other words, when he is chasing a potential prey.
2- Drooling dog – Pathological causes
We can distinguish two types of hypersalivation, due to diseases, in the dog:
True ptyalism which is characterized by excessive secretion of saliva.
Pseudoptyalism, which is characterized by difficulty in eliminating the normally secreted saliva. This leads to an important and abnormal salivary flow.
2-1 Possible causes of true ptyalism
There are several causes of excessive saliva secretion, starting with nausea. When your dog feels the urge to vomit, he starts to secrete more saliva, which can – at some point when the secretions become too much – cause him to drool.
Ptyalism can also be caused by inflammation or lesions in the mouth or pharynx: presence of a foreign body, ingestion of irritating or toxic products, insect bites, etc.
Finally, hypersecretion of saliva can also be the manifestation of a seizure.
2-2 Drooling dog – Possible causes of pseudoptyalism
Pseudoptyalism occurs when the dog does not secrete excessive saliva, but is unable to swallow it, forcing it to regurgitate.
This abnormal salivary flow may be due to stomatitis, gingivitis, pharyngitis, glossitis, dental pain, myositis, neurological disorders, Aujeszky’s disease or rabies.
3- What to do in case of a drooling dog?
Any unusual salivation should warrant a visit to the veterinarian. In other words, if you find that your dog is drooling more than normal, it means that there has been a change somewhere. And you need to make sure that this change isn’t making your pet uncomfortable, or damaging his health.
Before going to the vet, however, you can check yourself if your dog has an object stuck in his mouth, a stink in his mouth cavity, a swollen belly or a broken tooth… which could explain the excess saliva.
If not, the veterinarian will proceed with the necessary examinations to determine where the problem comes from.